| What are the Standards for Mathematical Practice | Explanations & Examples of the Mathematical Practices | Student Friendly Versions | You have the posters....Now What? | Mathematical Discourse


What are the Standards for Mathematical Practice

"Mathematics is more than completing sets of exercises or mimicking processess the teacher explains. Doing mathematics means generating strategies for solving problems, applying those approaches, seeing if they lead to solutions, and checking to see whether your answers make sense." (Van de Walle, Teaching Developmentally)

Building the robust mathematical thinking Van de Walle' describes above is the goal of the Standards for Mathematical Practice

A Graphic that groups the Standards of Mathematical Practice might be helpful to use when implementing.



Explanations & Examples of the Mathematical Practices

The eight Standards for Mathematical Practice remain the same throughout a child's education, however, the practices may look different in an elementary classroom than in high school. The following resources may be helpful in thinking about how the practices develop over grade levels.



Inside Mathematics offers video resources that illustrate each of the eight Standards for Mathematical Practice at various grade levels.
Think Math Elementary Explanations & Examples



Student Friendly Versions

"Classrooms that facilitate understanding will be those in which students reflect on, and communicate about mathematics." (Hiebert, Making Sense)




You have the posters....Now What?

Implementing the eight practices can be overwhelming. During your planning time focus on one practice each week. Formulating each practice as a question will help center your lessons, questions and assessment to highlight that practice.

  1. How do I encourage students to make sense of problems and persevere in solving them?
  2. How do I encourage students to reason abstractly and quantitatively?
  3. How do I encourage students to construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others?
  4. How do I encourage students to model with mathematics?
  5. How do I encourage students to use appropriate tools strategically?
  6. How do I encourage students to attend to precision?
  7. How do I encourage students to look for and make use of structure?
  8. How do I encourage students to look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning?


Mathematical Discourse

Asking questions and developing discourse that help move students to become mathematically proficient is an essential component of engaging students in the practices.


Tools of Classroom Talk- Using Talk Moves